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RFP on management and technology policies research on ecological design of electric and electronic equipment products in China

UNDP Country Office - CHINA | Published April 26, 2017  -  Deadline May 23, 2017
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The Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (Stockholm Convention on POPs) is a global treaty designed to protect human health and the environment from persistent organic pollutants (POPs). On May 23, 2001, the Chinese Government signed the Stockholm Convention as one of the first batch of signatory countries. The Stockholm Convention was entered into force for China since November 11, 2004.In order to fulfill relevant requirements of National Implementation Plan under the Stockholm Convention (NIP), effectively reduce the release of POPs to the environment within the life cycle of electric and electronic equipment products and protect the ecological environment, the Foreign Economic Cooperation Office (FECO) of the Ministry of Environmental Protection collaborated with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) on the development of the Global Environment Facility (GEF) Project “Reducing of POPs and PTS release by environmentally sound management throughout the life cycle of electrical and electronic equipment and associated wastes in China”. The planned implementation period of this project is 4 years, and the total budget is $58.65 million, of which the GEF grants is $11.65 million.The FECO, as the National Implementing Agency of this project, is responsible for the overall coordination and management. The project will improve policy standards, strengthen regulatory capacity and carry out the demonstration of ecological design, recycling system and disposal technology and other activities through the whole life cycle analysis of electric and electronic equipment products, thus promoting the perfection of the environmentally sound management system and technical standard system for electric and electronic equipment products in China.The 13th “Five-Year Plan” Proposal adopted at the 5th Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee of CPC laid the concept of green development as one of its five major development goals in a separate chapter and made key strategic deployment over ecological civilization construction and environmental protection. Chinese Government issued two documents of Opinions on Accelerating the Promotion of Ecological civilization Construction and the Master Plan on Institutional Reform of Ecological Civilization. All these documents defined the notion, principles, targets and tasks for eco-environmental treatment for China during the next five years and even further and have acted as the top-level design and roadmap for China’s ecological civilization construction and green development. In November 2016, the State Council issued the \"13th Five Year Plan for Ecological Environmental Conservation\" as an effective way to realize the reform in the field of ecological civilization and remedy the environmental weakness in building an overall well-off society, requesting to strengthen source prevention and control, lay a solid foundation for green development, promote green manufacturing and the production and supply of green products and push forward supply-side structural reform. In order to implement the supply of green products and push forward supply-side structural reform, the state has issued a series of documents such as the \"Scheme to Implement Extended Producer Responsibility System\" and the \"Opinions on Establishing a Unified System of Green Product Standard, Certification and Labeling\". Thus the implementation of ecological design has become an important means to fulfill the tasks.According to the project design, 6 kinds of electric and electronic equipment products such as television, refrigerators, washing machines, air conditioners, computers and mobile phones in the “Catalog of waste electronic and electric equipment products for treatment (2014)” will be selected during the implementation period of project. By centering on the emission reductions of major persistent organic pollutants and persistent toxic substances (POPs/PTS), energy saving, water saving and recycling and applying product ecological design, the project will explore the management modes and technical routes for reducing the release of pollutants in the whole life cycle of products, support the government to make relevant decisions and enhance the enterprises' ecological design level and green product development capability.2. Category of Ecological Design Ecological design is to systematically consider the influence of all links such as raw material selection, production, sales, use, recovery and processing on resources and environment during the product design and development stages according to the concept of whole life cycle, strive to minimize resource consumption in the whole life cycle of products, use little or no raw materials containing toxic or harmful substances and reduce the pollutants generated and released, thus realizing the activities for environmental protection. Ecological design should consider the following elements (including but not limited to):Minimizing environmental risks: Reduction of environmental risk of chemicals in products, biodegradable materials, waste minimization, and the minimization of environmental release;Maximizing cyclic utilization: Realizing the maximization of product recycling and material regeneration;Efficient green energy and resource utilization: Minimizing the consumption of energy, water, materials and other resources and maximizing the use of green renewable energy in the whole life cycle;The persistence of social responsibility: Realizing the biodiversity conservation and the protection of human civilization/culture, and conforming to the national strategy without losing functionality and convenience.3. Work ObjectivesThe terms of reference has the following main work objectives: It is planned to employ a qualified institution to research domestic and foreign policy and technology experiences on the ecological design of products, analyze 6 kinds of electric and electronic equipment products such as television, refrigerators, washing machines, air conditioners, computers and mobile phones in the “Catalog of waste electronic and electric equipment products for treatment (2014)”, explore the whole life cycle management modes and technical routes by centering on the emission reductions of major POPs/PTS, energy saving, water saving, recycling, complete the suggestion draft on the ecological design guidance for 6 kinds of electric and electronic equipment products and ecological design evaluation system for the manufacturing enterprises of electric and electronic equipment products, guide the enterprises to demonstrate implementation and validation, support the government to make relevant decisions and enhance the enterprises' ecological design level and green product development capability.4. Work ContentsIn order to achieve the objectives determined by the terms of reference, the following activities should be carried out (including but not limited to):1) Carrying out the policy research of domestic and foreign ecological design of electric and electronic equipment products and the implementation effect evaluation Based on literature retrieval and expert meeting, the legislative situation and regulation system on electrical and electronic equipment management in US, EU and other developed countries should be systematically summed up. To research the concept of product ecological design, comb the present development status and development trend of and the management measures for product ecological design in national and international electric and electronic equipment industry, compare the policy environment of and the implementing measures for and the results of implementing the ecological design of electric and electronic equipment products at home and abroad, analyze the gaps and problems concerning China's implementation of the ecological design of electric and electronic equipment products; complete the report on policy research and implementation effect evaluation for the ecological design of electric and electronic equipment products at home and abroad. In order to complete this activity, the following documents should be included but not limited to:European Union eco-design directive and related regulation such as Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS), Enter-related ProductsAmerica Environmental Design of Electrical Equipment Act (EDEE), Electronic Waste Recycling Act China Regulation of restriction on use of harmful substances in electrical and electronic products, China Manufacturing 2025, The 13th Five-Year Plan for Ecological Environment Protection, The Implementation Plan for the Extended Producer Responsibility System, The Opinions on Establishing a Unified Standardization, Certification, and Labeling Framework for Green Products , etc.2) Carrying out detection, analysis and investigation of chemicals in China's electric and electronic equipment products Based on the literature retrieval and investigation, centering on 6 kinds of electric and electronic equipment products such as TV sets, refrigerators, washing machines, air conditioners, computers and mobile phones in the “Catalog of waste electronic and electric equipment products for treatment (2014)” and aiming at POPs, high-risk chemicals listed in the REACH regulation of EU and other state-specified harmful substances that may be contained in these products, the application of chemicals in the printed circuit boards, displayers, shells, coating materials, thermal insulation materials and other components and parts of 6 kinds of main products, and the related information on recourses, energy and economy should be combed preliminarily.Several representative brands and mainstream types of products at the Chinese market (at least 2 kinds of representative products should be selected for each kind of product in the catalog, and 3 product samples should be selected for each representative product) should be selected. According to the application of chemicals in 6 kinds of main products, the POPs, PTS and other priority chemicals of concern in their production process and finished goods should be investigated, sampled, tested and analyzed. The test should include the testing research on the content of at least 6 kinds of chemical substances (including Lead and its compounds, mercury and its compounds, Cadmium and its compounds, Chromium IV compounds, PBB, PBDE) in key components such as electronic circuit boards, displayers, shells, coating materials and thermal insulation materials of the above-mentioned 6 kinds of products.3)Carrying out environmental impact analysis in the whole life cycle of 6 kinds of typical electric and electronic equipment productsBased on the above information, the environment in the links of product use and waste disposal should be simulated so as to test the amount of potential toxic and hazardous material released in the links of product use and waste disposal. Based on the test results, the products' potential risks of chemical release in the links of production, use and waste disposal should be assessed, and the environmental risk assessment report on POPs and toxic and hazardous chemicals in China's electric and electronic equipment products should be compiled and completed.Using the the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) analysis tool recognized at home and abroad, the basic data on environmental impact should be collected in each link of the product life cycle, the quantitative analysis can be carried out mainly in terms of environment, energy and economic. According to the analysis result, the emphasis and concrete scheme for improving the ecological design of 6 kinds of products can be put forward, and the life cycle assessment report of electric and electronic equipment products can be prepared in China.Consolidating the above information, the research on alternative products and raw materials to POPs, PTS and other priority chemicals of concern in 6 kinds of products should be carried out, the potential of POPs and PTS reduction in the whole life cycle of electric and electronic equipment products should be assessed, combined with energy consumption, economic and other factors, the overall technology roadmap of replacement should be put forward.4) Carrying out the research on ecological design evaluation system and product technical guide for the manufacturing enterprises of electric and electronic equipment products In combination with the development demand for green transformation of China's electric and electronic equipment industry and the results of LCA evaluation and environmental risk assessment, centering on the above 6 kinds of main electric and electronic equipment products, the resources, energy, environment, quality and other factors in the production of electric and electronic equipment products should be considered, in combination with the national standards on eco-smart design, including, inter alia, General Principles for Eco-design Product Assessment, the technical guide for 6 products should be put forward preliminary. In combination with implementation of China pilot projects on eco- design of industrial products, the ecological design evaluation system for the manufacturing enterprises of electric and electronic equipment products should be put forward preliminary.Assist FECO in guiding related enterprises in their product production and design, track the ecological design activities progress of the demonstration enterprises under this project, combining the objectives of The Opinions on Establishing a Unified Standardization, Certification, and Labeling Framework for Green Products, guide the demonstration enterprises under this project to complete the eco-design of electrical and electronic equipment products with less energy-consuming, low pollution emission, low toxicity and less hazardous substance, easy recycling and reuse, high quality and other characters, check and inspect the technical research and development activities of the demonstration enterprises, and put forth suggestions and opinions so as to ensure the technical feasibility of demonstration activities. At the same time, the assessment report on demonstration enterprises' ecological design should be completed.Combined with the activities conducted by the project demonstration enterprises, based on the tracking and empirical evaluation of the ecological design made by pilot enterprises, the above technical guide and ecological design evaluation system should be verified and improved, the evaluation procedure and evaluation methods should be put forward, thus providing a reference for the various enterprises within the industry and improving the ability of ecological design of electric and electronic equipment products in China.Reports on technical guide for ecological design of 6 kinds of products and the research reports on ecological design evaluation system for the manufacturing enterprises of electric and electronic equipment products in China will be formulated, including:The technical guide for ecological design of televisionThe technical guide for ecological design of refrigeratorsThe technical guide for ecological design of washing machinesThe technical guide for ecological design of air conditionersThe technical guide for ecological design of computersThe technical guide for ecological design of mobile phonesThe research report on the evaluation system of ecological design for the manufacturing enterprises of electric and electronic equipment products in China5) Carrying out the study of policy recommendations on ecological design of electric and electronic equipment products in ChinaTo analyze relevant domestic and foreign policies and standars about the design for electrical and electronic equipment production, make strict requirements on the quantity limits of main concentration chemicals in electric and electronic equipment products in China, summarize the development, implementation process and effect of and the existing issues concerning the policy system for legislation and management of product ecological design in China, put forward the countermeasures for China to implement the ecological design of electric and electronic equipment products and formulate, combination with the newly issued and implemented policy and standards on industrial products eco-design, concentrating on development demand for green development of China's electric and electronic equipment industry during the next five years and even further, formulate the draft on policy recommendations for China to implement ecological design and promote its issuance and implementation.6) Completing other related work To summarize the researches on ecological design and the development experience of demonstration enterprises, and compile the book “Research and Application of Ecological Design of Electric and electronic equipment products in China” (in Chinese).To assist and cooperate with the national project team in completing other work relating to ecological design activities and provide technical support, participate in related working conferences under the project on schedule, prepare PPT according to the requirements, as well as make speeches at the meetings; promptly reply relevant questions and suggestions for revision proposed by GEF, UNDP and FECO; and accept the project team's inspection and audit for the completion of work.5. Output ReportAccording to the contents of activities, at least one sealed hard copy and one PDF scanned copy in electronic edition of the following reports should be submitted in written form.1) Detailed implementation plan (in Chinese);2) The report on policy research and implementation effect evaluation for the ecological design of electric and electronic equipment products at home and abroad (both in English and Chinese);3) The environmental risk assessment report on POPs and toxic and hazardous chemicals in China's electric and electronic equipment products (both in English and Chinese)4) The Life Cycle Assessment report for six kinds of electric and electronic equipment products (both in English and Chinese);5) The technical guide for ecological design of six kinds of electric and electronic equipment products (both in English and Chinese);6) The research report on the ecological design index system for the manufacturing enterprises of electric and electronic equipment products in China (both in English and Chinese);7) The draft on policy recommendations for China to implement the ecological design of electric and electronic equipment products (both in English and Chinese);8) The book “Research and Application of Ecological Design of Electric and electronic equipment products in China” (in Chinese)6. Requirements on Consultancy’s Qualification The institution or association that undertakes this consulting service needs to have at least the following qualifications:Should have China Metrology Accreditation (CMA);Undertook the ecological design of industrial products, management of chemical in products and research work in related fields;Being familiar with relevant domestic and foreign documents of policies and regulations and management provisions concerning the ecological design of electric and electronic equipment products, those which undertook related international projects are preferred;Institutions which are familiar with the management provisions of chemicals in industrial products and undertook projects in the field of POPs are preferred;Institutions which have the related experiences on life cycle assessment of products are preferred.Institutions which have the ability to provide relevant state ministries and commissions, local governments and enterprises with decision-making support services are preferred.The core members of project should be composed of the persons with the following qualifications:The project leader should have a PhD degree or the title of a senior professional post or above and at least 5 years of working experience in the fields of the ecological design of electric and electronic equipment products, environmental protection and the chemicals management;Team members shouldn’t less than 12, at least 3 people should have a PhD degree or the title of a senior professional post or above in the environment, chemistry, electronic engineering field and related fields;Being familiar with domestic and foreign provisions related to the ecological design of electric and electronic equipment products/the chemicals management;Those who have the ability to conduct international communication are preferred;Those who are familiar with the requirements of the Stockholm Convention and related research background in the field of POPs in electric and electronic equipment products are preferred. The Proposal submission address is: 710 Room, 5 Houyingfang Hutong, Xicheng District, Beijing, P.R. China Contacts: Suizi Xiao Postal Code: 100035 Proposals must be submitted no later than the following date and time: May 23, 2017
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