The study aims at assessing the magnitude, incidence and consequences of various types of violence against children at homes, schools and care and justice systems, workplaces and the community. Violence against children includes emotional and physical abuse, neglect or negligent treatment, sexual exploitation and abuse, bullying and online bullying and sexual exploitation. The study will propose clear recommendations for the improvement of legislation, policy and programmes relating to the prevention and responses to violence against children.
The objectives of the assignment are to conduct a national quantitative and qualitative study on the extent of violence against children at homes, schools and care and justice systems, workplaces and the community to provide a detailed picture of the nature, extent, causes of violence against children in the Jordanian society and associated risk and protective factors.
The study will propose clear recommendations for action to prevent and respond to it that could be translated into comprehensive and sustainable behavior change communication social mobilization, communication; and advocacy long and short terms strategies and programmes.
The study will also review the causes of violence and associated risk and protective factors. The Study will seek the active involvement of children in the study through participatory assessment tools and will provide useful inputs on the perceptions of children and adults regarding violence. The study will document consequences of violence against children and its impact on their life. Gender and discrimination issues of will be considered as overarching concerns.
The study should compare the findings of this study with the 2007 national study on violence against children, taking into consideration the contributing factors and triggers.
The study will also support the response plan of UNICEF and the government of Jordan with strategic and result oriented interventions to end violence against children in different settings in Jordan, including recommendations for the improvement of legislation, policy and innovative programmes for the prevention and response to VAC.
Main Study questions
- Prevalence of the different types of violence against children at homes, schools, care and justice systems, workplaces and the community. The study will look specifically at these types of violence: emotional and physical abuse, neglect or negligent treatment, sexual exploitation and abuse, bullying and online bullying and sexual exploitation, this should include multiple victimization and child marriage.
- Assess the proportion of children who had experienced or witnessed any form of violence, their reactions to such violence as well as their knowledge of the respective laws, rights and the help mechanisms. Assess the impact of violence on these children.
- Examine the causes of violence in the different settings; the associated risk factors, influencing violence and protective factors in these settings.
- Knowledge, attitudes and practices of educators (principals, counsellors, etc.), teachers, community leaders including religious leaders, service providers, media, children (girls and boys) and parents with regard to violence against children.
- Survey legal responses to violence and services for children survival of violence.
- Were services to children affected by violence and strategies to prevent and respond to violence against children effective?
- SCOPE OF THE WORK
The study should use a nationally representative sample that examines violence against children of all nationalities living in Jordan, including representation of Syrian and Palestinian children, with a focus on the areas with a high concentration of Syrian refugees and camps.
. The study needs to cover boys and girls; children living in urban/rural settings and camps; children at homes, schools, care and justice systems, workplaces and the community in all governorates in Jordan.
The participatory approach should be central in the study approach, ensuring the voices and views of children (girls and boys) is an integral part of the study. Special participatory tools should be developed to enable children aged 6-18 to express their views freely and safely on violence. The study should be informed by UNICEF’s Manual for the Measurement of Indicators of Violence against Children of 2006.
- APPROACH AND METHODOLOGY
The study methodology should consists of qualitative and quantitative techniques;
The consultant is requested to
Develop an inception plan for the study, to include:
Consider various assessment designs:
A specific and detailed assessment design should be presented to UNICEF by the team based on the following mixed methods of information gathering:
Contractor needs to adhere to the ethical consideration of doing research on children and the study should be approved by ERB in Jordan.
All deliverables are to be submitted in Arabic and English
Consultants’ team will report to UNICEF Chief of Child Protection at UNICEF Jordan Country Office and to the PM&E Chief.
The Study Review Group (SRG) will comprise the representatives of the major stakeholders including study managers, programme specialist from UNICEF CP & M&E sections, and a representative from the Ministry of Education, NCFA in addition to the Jordan Department of Statistics, MoSD, FPD, JRF, MoH, NCHR, MoL, Forensic medicine, HPC, experts, etc.. Regional Monitoring and Evaluation advisor will also provide a quality assurance of ToR, inception report, draft and final study report and participate at SRG meetings as necessary. The SRG will:
 Please refer to relevant parts of UNICEF Adapted UNEG Evaluation Report Standards (http://www.unicef.org/evaluation/files/UNICEF-Adapted_UNEG_EvaluationReportsStandards_2010.pdf)