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Defensenational safety

System proektnopoiskovye research on the validity of the concept of creation and development of automatic space complexes in the socio-economic interests of science and national security of Russia MF Code NIR Vanguard Washer

ГОСУДАРСТВЕННАЯ КОРПОРАЦИЯ ПО КОСМИЧЕСКОЙ ДЕЯТЕЛЬНОСТИ #034;РОСКОСМОС#034; | Published September 29, 2016  -  Deadline October 20, 2025
System design and exploratory research on the validity of the concept of creation and development of automatic space systems for socio-economic sphere, science and national security of Russia (Code MF R & D: "Vanguard" (Washer)) 72.19.29 Conventional unit 1326019 326 000.00 019 000,00 Total 326 019 000,00

Notice to: National Securities Market commission. Object: audit network systems technologies centers of the main and backup information. Record: 17/16

Comisión Nacional del Mercado de Valores. | Published December 3, 2016
Notice to: National Securities Market commission. Object: audit network systems technologies centers of the main and backup information. Record: 17/16.

Announcement of the City of Pozuelo de Alarcón by which the contract notice elaboration adecuación plan is called the national security plan and monitoring its implantation

Junta de Gobierno Local. Ayuntamiento de Pozuelo de Alarcón. | Published November 26, 2016
Announcement of the City of Pozuelo de Alarcón by which the contract notice elaboration of the national plan adecuación security scheme and monitor their implantation is convened.

Construction of a multipurpose indoor Sports Center - OPERATING NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT 2007-2013 CONVERGENCE OBJECTIVE OPERATIONAL OBJECTIVE 2.8 "I legal game" in the town of Castelvolturno (CE)

Ministero delle Infrastrutture Provveditorato Interregionale alle Opere Pubbliche Campania e Molise - Sede Centrale di Napoli - Ufficio Gare e Contratti | Published October 27, 2016  -  Deadline December 8, 2016

"Supply, installation and commissioning of switches for the single centralized system for remote management and monitoring EESM and upgrade pilot infrastructure for implementing cloud technologies for national security", split into two positions: 1. Lot 1 - Supply server installation in chassis BladeCenter H 88524XG, to upgrade the pilot infrastructure built for implementing "cloud technology" for the needs of national security. 2. Lot 2 - Supply, installation and commissioning of switches for the single centralized system for remote management and monitoring of the electronic communications network.

Изпълнителна агенция "Електронни съобщителни мрежи и информационни системи"/ИАЕСМИС/ - /Старо наименование - Държавна агенция за информационни технологии и съобщения /ДАИТС/ | Published November 24, 2016  -  Deadline December 1, 2016
Brief description: The main objective of the contract is to assist and support the activities of an electronic communications network (EESM). To preserve the possibility of providing virtual resources, monitoring, management and administration of the network is necessary to increase the capacity of IT infrastructure by adding a new server and two switches. The minimum requirements to be met by the proposed participant equipment in the respective lots, and the volume of contract terms, conditions, general and specific requirements for implementation are detailed in the technical specification of the documentation listing. All documentation to the order, including listing applications, draft contracts for individual lots and technical specification is available in the buyer profile on the website of the developer. One participant may submit a tender for one or more lots. There is no limit to the number of lots to be awarded to one contractor. The opening of bids will take place at the Executive Agency "Electronic communication networks and information systems" in the town. Sofia, ul. Gen. YV Gurko № 6. The opening of tenders is public and may be attended by participants in the procedure or their authorized representatives.

H--Inspection, testing and certification of: Biological Safety Cabinets (BSCs), Laminar Flow Work Stations (LFWs) and Pharmacy Clean Room(s) at the Birmingham VA Medical Center

Department of Veterans Affairs, Atlanta VAMC | Published November 25, 2016  -  Deadline December 6, 2016
Contractor shall furnish service as specified below to ensure that the equipment functions in accordance with NCI Specification  General Purpose, Clean Air, Biological Safety Cabinet, revised August 19, 1975 , NIH specification NIH-03-11ZC dated Sept 17, 1974; National Sanitation Foundation-Class II, (Laminar Flow) Biohazard Cabinetry-Standard Number 49 [NSF 49]; Federal Standard No. 209E-April 24, 1973,  Clean Room And Work Station Requirements, Controlled Environment ; SAMA Standard LF10-1980 Laboratory Fume Hoods and USP 797.
Furnish all labor, equipment, tools, materials, and travel necessary to test, certify and measure Government   owned Biological Safety Cabinets (BSCs), Laminar Flow Work Stations (LFWs), and Pharmacy clean rooms.
Contract Period: One Year from the Date of Award
a. Equipment is identified on the list below. Pharmacy cleanrooms and pharmacy  equipment will be tested/certified semi-annually beginning December 2016.   Pathology & Laboratory and Medical Research equipment will be     tested/certified annually beginning December 2016.
b. The annual/semi-annual certifications shall be performed in sufficient time to insure that none shall lapse (contractor will schedule testing that builds in time for repairs should that be necessary to insure certifications never lapse).
c. The Contractor shall provide certification reports upon completion of semi-   annual and annual testing/certification.  Report will include training/certifications   of technicians performing the work and calibration certificates of the equipment used during the testing/certification.
d. Contractor will immediately notify COR in writing (letter) or by email, in the event any/all regulatory guidance governing the certifications of any subject equipment changes. Written advisement will include any issues which will impact testing/certification. Contractor will also advise BVAMC COR of recommendations to resolve any issues related to the regulatory changes.
When testing/servicing/certifying equipment, the Contractor will provide on-site consultation to BVAMC staff (answer questions, make recommendations to maintain at optimum level) that use the Pharmacy cleanroom, the biosafety cabinets, and the laminar flow hoods.  Technicians knowledgeable about certification requirements will converse with staff/COR to inform them of recommended adjustments to behaviors used in daily use, cleaning of area, maintenance of equipment, and any structural/HVAC/electrical/engineering issues related to the equipment or rooms encompassing equipment.
Technicians will brief COR of any issues/questions raised by staff upon checking out post-certification.
e.  All requirements outlined in this contract as applying to prime contractor will also apply to any/all sub-contractors engaged in work under this contract.
NOTE: Contractor shall have the capability to respond within 24 hours of contact for  emergency repair. Contractor shall furnish the Contracting Officer Representative (COR) with written estimate of cost to make necessary repairs and receive COR approval prior to initiating repairs.
All technicians who perform work under this contract will have a current NSF accreditation. Contractor will provide a copy of NSF accreditation to COR.
Prior to commencement of work on this contract, the Contractor shall provide the BVAMC with a copy of the current calibration certification of all test equipment which is to be used by the Contractor on BVAMC's equipment.  This certification shall also be provided on a periodic basis when requested by the BVAMC.  Test equipment calibration shall be traceable to a national standard.
Contract service shall ensure that the equipment functions in accordance with the following standards/guidelines:
National Safety Foundation (NSF) 49-2010: Biosafety Cabinetry: Design, Construction, Performance and Field Certification.
American Society of Heating, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) 110-1995: Method of Testing Performance of Laboratory Fume Hoods.
Federal Standard No. 209E-April 24, 1992: Airborne Particulate Cleanliness Classes in Cleanrooms and Clean Zones.
The Science Equipment and Furniture Association (SEFA) 1.2-1996: Laboratory Fume Hoods Recommended Practices.
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienist (ACGIH).
The United States Pharmacopeial Convention (USP) 2008, Chapter 797.
American Society Health-System Pharmacy (ASHP)   Minimum Standards for Pharmacies in Hospitals.
CETA Certification Guide for Sterile Compounding Facilities (CAG-003-2006).
The Contractor shall be required to report to Safety Office to log in.  This check in is mandatory.  When the service is completed, the Field Service Representative (FSR) shall document services rendered on a legible Engineering Service Reports(s).  The FSR shall be required to log out with the COR.  ALL ESRs shall be submitted to the equipment user for an "acceptance signature" and to the COR for an "authorization signature".  If the COR is unavailable, a signed copy of the ESR will be sent to the COR after the work is performed.
6. Biosafety Cabinet Certification
The Pharmacy biosafety cabinet shall be certified semi-annually.  All other Biosafety cabinets will be certified annually. Certification shall consist of the following:
Down flow velocity test
Inflow velocity test
Airflow smoke pattern test
HEPA filter leak test
Alarm function test
Blower interlock test (Class II, type B cabinets)
Electrical leakage on the main cabinet (those that aren t UL listed)
Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI) outlet trip test.
A visual inspection to identify defects, damage, misuse or  missing parts
Documentation of the certification and inspection results
A decal or label affixed to the cabinet in a visible location that indicates the results and date of the certification
Posting an  Out of Service  sign on cabinets that fail certification;
Notifying the cabinet user and the COR of cabinets that fail certification.
7. Laminar Flow Workstations Certification
Pharmacy laminar flow workstations (LFWs) shall be certified semi-annually.  Certification shall consist of the following:
Measurement of sash face velocity according to the current version of ASHRAE 110.
Comparison of the sash face velocity to the current ACGIH recommendation.
Airflow smoke pattern test.
GFCI outlet trip test.
A visual inspection to identify defects, damage, misuse or missing parts;
Documentation of the certification and inspection results (e.g., a decal or label affixed in a visible location that indicates the sash certification height, the face velocity and the date of certification).
Posting an  Out of Service  sign on lab fume hoods that fail certification.
Notifying the lab fume hood user and the COR of lab fume hoods that fail certification.
8. Pharmacy Cleanroom(s) Testing and Certification
Testing and certification (under CAG-003-2006-11 and to SUO 797 Standards) of the Pharmacy: Ante Room, Hazardous Buffer (IV) Room and Non-Hazardous Buffer (Chemo) Room as well as viable air and surface sampling for mold and bacteria will be semi-annually.  Certification and testing shall consist of the following:
Test and validate the number of air changes per hour (ACH) through the rooms Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) equipment and exhaust hood.
Test and validate that the hood and room exhaust provide a unidirectional/laminar flow of air.
Inspect HVAC filter assembly for air bypass issues.
Test and calibrate the existing air balancing monitors (Chemo and Ante Rooms).
Take viable air samples for mold and bacteria (1 location in each PEC: LFWs, BSC, Pass Thru, and 1 location in the room Ante, and 2 locations Chemo and IV Room. Colony forming units (CFU) results from the cultures shall be calculated in cfu per cubic meter (m3) of air.
Take viable surface samples for bacteria (1 each in LFWs, BSC, Pass Thru, Ante, Chemo and IV Room.
9. Maintenance and Repair:
The main purpose of this Contract is to eliminate unscheduled shutdowns, and contribute significantly to the continuous operating economy and integrity of the system.  All work is to be in compliance with NSF-49 and ASHRAE 110.
The following items shall be provided at no additional cost to the BVAMC as part of the testing/certification process:
Biosafety cabinet and laminar flow workstation filters shall be recommended for replacement when they fail a leak test and cannot be repaired.
When applicable, cabinets will be marked inside to indicate the safe capture air zone to prevent contamination of the outside work area.
Cabinet dampers shall be adjusted to provide required flow and marked to indicate correct position.
The Contractor s equipment shall be calibrated according to the manufacturer s specifications.
Consult with BVAMC staff/operators regarding unit performance.
ADDITIONAL CHARGES:  There will be no additional charge for time spent at the site (during, or after the normal hours of coverage) awaiting the arrival of additional technicians and/or delivery of parts. Note: Any additional charges claimed must be approved by the COR before the service is completed!
Security Issues:  There are no known security issues associated with this Statement of Work other than the Pharmacy is a controlled access area.
Acceptance Signature - VA employee who indicates technician demonstrated service conclusion/status and User has accepted work as complete/pending as stated in work estimate.
Authorization Signature - COR's signature; indicates COR accepts work status as stated in work estimate.
13.  There are no known security issues with this Statement of Work.
14.  Contractors are responsible for finding their own parking.
15.  Contractors are required to obtain Temporary ID Badge from Safety Office, room 2710, 700 19th Street South, Birmingham, AL 35233, while on BVAMC property if not escorted during entire visit by a Safety Office employee.
Medical Research Equipment:
Work performed
Unit Cost
Total Cost
NuAire 425-400 BSC
Annual Inspection/Certification
Thermo Scientific 1300 A2 BSC
Annual Inspection/Certification
Pathology and Laboratory Equipment:
Work performed
Unit Cost
Total Cost
NuAire 425-400 BSC
Annual Inspection/Certification
NuAire 425-600 BSC
Annual Inspection/Certification
Pharmacy Equipment:
Work performed
Unit Cost
Total Semi Annual Cost
Total Annual Cost
NuAire 425-400 BSC with non viable particle counts
Semi Annual Inspection/Certification
NuAire 301-530 LFH with non viable particle counts
Semi Annual Inspection/Certification
Pharmacy Cleanrooms
Approximate Square Footage
Total Semi Annual Cost
Total Annual Cost
Buffer (IV)
It is agreed that:
1. The preliminary and final deliverables, and all associated working papers,   application source code, and other material deemed relevant by VA which have been generated by the contractor in the performance of this task order, are the  exclusive property of the U.S. Government and shall be submitted to the COR at the conclusion of the task order.
2. The COR will be the sole authorized official to release, verbally or in writing,   any data, draft deliverables, final deliverables, or any other written or printed materials pertaining to this task order. No information shall be released by the contractor.  Any request for information relating to this task order, presented to the contractor, shall be submitted to the COR for response.
3. Press releases, marketing material, or any other printed or electronic    documentation related to this project, shall not be publicized without the written   approval of the COR.
Citations to pertinent laws, codes and regulations such as 44 U.S.C chapters 21, 29, 31 and 33; Freedom of Information Act (5 U.S.C. 552); Privacy Act (5 U.S.C. 552a); 36 CFR Part 1222 and Part 1228.
Contractor shall treat all deliverables under the contract as the property of the U.S. Government for which the Government Agency shall have unlimited rights to use, dispose of, or disclose such data contained therein as it determines to be in the public interest.
Contractor shall not create or maintain any records that are not specifically tied to or authorized by the contract using Government IT equipment and/or Government records.
Contractor shall not retain, use, sell, or disseminate copies of any deliverable that contains information covered by the Privacy Act of 1974 or that which is generally protected by the Freedom of Information Act.
Contractor shall not create or maintain any records containing any Government Agency records that are not specifically tied to or authorized by the contract.
The Government Agency owns the rights to all data/records produced as part of this contract.
The Government Agency owns the rights to all electronic information (electronic data, electronic information systems, electronic databases, etc.) and all supporting documentation created as part of this contract. Contractor must deliver sufficient technical documentation with all data deliverables to permit the agency to use the data.
Contractor agrees to comply with Federal and Agency records management policies, including those policies associated with the safeguarding of records covered by the Privacy Act of 1974. These policies include the preservation of all records created or received regardless of format [paper, electronic, etc.] or mode of transmission [e-mail, fax, etc.] or state of completion [draft, final, etc.].
No disposition of documents will be allowed without the prior written consent of the Contracting Officer. The Agency and its contractors are responsible for preventing the alienation or unauthorized destruction of records, including all forms of mutilation. Willful and unlawful destruction, damage or alienation of Federal records is subject to the fines and penalties imposed by 18 U.S.C. 2701. Records may not be removed from the legal custody of the Agency or destroyed without regard to the provisions of the agency records schedules.
Contractor is required to obtain the Contracting Officer's approval prior to engaging in any contractual relationship (sub-contractor) in support of this contract requiring the disclosure of information, documentary material and/or records generated under, or relating to, this contract. The Contractor (and any sub-contractor) is required to abide by Government and Agency guidance for protecting sensitive and proprietary information.
SERVICES REQUIRED: Inspection, testing and certification of: Biological Safety Cabinets (BSCs), Laminar Flow Work Stations (LFWs) and Pharmacy Clean Room(s) at the Birmingham VA Medical Center.
Offers will be evaluated on Lowest Price Technically Acceptable as it meets the specification of this Statement of Work.
RATING (Satisfactory or unsatisfactory)
Management Approach and Technical Capabilities
Demonstrates an Understanding of the objectives of the SOW and specific tasks, and planned execution of the services.
Evidence of specific methods & techniques for completing each task, to include such items as quality assurance (QA) and quality control (QC).
Ability to address potential
problem areas and to have contingency plans should the need arrive.
Demonstrates an understanding of logistics, scheduling and facility layout.
Demonstrates an ability to be flexible with allocation of personnel and resources.
Overall Management Approach & Technical Capabilities
Personnel Qualifications:
Provides documented (in writing) evidence of all accreditations and certifications of service technicians.
Provides documented (in writing) evidence of education, training and work experience of service technicians.
Overall Personnel Qualifications
Vendor Capability:
The service vendor has the capability to provide the requested services to Birmingham VA Medical Center in accordance with the Statement of Work (SOW).
Service Compliance:
Fully describes and includes all specification information that demonstrates the ability and expertise to inspect, test and certify under CAG-003-2006-11 and to USP 797 Standards.
Experience/Past Performance:
The vendor has documented experience of successful completion of projects; history of producing high quality reports; history of staying on schedule.
Vendor has provided at a minimum, three (3) references and two (2) successfully completed contracts.
The vendor s specific past
performance on prior similar services specified within this SOW.
Overall Experience/Past Performance
The lowest price technically acceptable source selection process will be used as basis of award. Award will be made on the basis of the lowest evaluated price of proposals meeting or exceeding the acceptability standards for all non-cost/price factors.
**ALL factors must be rated ACCEPTABLE to be considered for award.
Non-Cost/Price Factors
Each factor will be scored as Acceptable or Unacceptable as defined below.  Each proposal will be evaluated against the SOW and the stated evaluation criteria.  Each proposal is evaluated using the same standards. "Lowest Price, Technically Acceptable" Evaluation Standards
ALL of the minimum acceptable criteria are clearly met by the proposal.  The offeror's proposal meets the performance and technical capability requirements defined in the SOW.  NOTE: Once the proposals have been determined to be "technically acceptable," award will based on cost/price only.
Not all of the minimum acceptable criteria are met by the proposal.  An unacceptable proposal contains one or more deficiencies.  Proposal fails to meet specified minimum performance and technical capability requirements defined in the SOW.
All proposals must be received by 5:00PM EST on December 6, 2016 via email to the Contracting Officer, Jessica Coleman-Smith at
No late proposals will be accepted.

Benchmarking of nuclear technical requirements against WENRA safety reference levels, EU regulatory framework and IAEA standards

Europa-Kommissionen, Directorate-General for Energy, Directorate D — Nuclear Energy, Safety and ITER | Published November 24, 2016  -  Deadline January 5, 2017
Projektleverance: en benchmarking af EUR-dokumenter i forhold til a) alle gældende WENRA-referenceniveauer, b) IAEA's standarder og c) krav i det ændrede direktiv om nuklear sikkerhed som anført af ENER/JRC (under udvikling). Den vil blive forelagt både operatører af atomkraftværker og myndigheder for nukleare sikkerhed med henblik på bemærkninger/godkendelse.

2. Projektleverance: en gennemførlighedsundersøgelse vedrørende muligheden for at udvide det eksisterende arbejde udført under det fransk-tyske ETC-initiativ til andre nationale juridiske rammer og andre reaktortyper. Hvis undersøgelsen er positiv, skal den i detaljer redegøre for, hvilke skridt der skal tages for at realisere den samlede undersøgelse, hvis dette besluttes af Kommissionen.

3. Forslaget til den europæiske godkendelse af reaktorudformninger (European reactor design acceptance, ERDA) sigter mod en fælles gennemgang og godkendelse af udformningen, hvis resultater skal deles mellem en række EU-medlemsstater, hvilket vil muliggøre, at reaktorens udformning godkendes for alle deltagende lande, med undtagelse af nødvendige tilpasninger til særlige lokale forhold, hvilket fører til en effektiv europæisk standardisering af reaktorudformninger. Den foreslåede tilgang er hovedsagelig baseret på frivillige aktiviteter, som er iværksat af tilsynsmyndigheder og deres tekniske støtteorganisationer med støtte fra Kommissionen.

Projektleverance: en detaljeret beskrivelse af det tekniske indhold, som en europæisk fælles prælicenseringsproces bør omfatte under hensyntagen til de forskellige reaktortyper, de gældende sikkerhedsstandarder og (så vidt muligt) forskelligartetheden af medlemsstaternes nationale rammer.

4. Benchmarking og peerevalueringer udført af nationale sikkerhedsmyndigheder eller IAEA-ekspertmissioner er essentielle værktøjer til at opnå et harmoniseret sikkerhedsniveau i og uden for EU. Disse værktøjer er af særlig interesse for de mange forventede langvarige drifter i EU. På nuværende tidspunkt fokuserer lignende tiltag udviklet af tilsynsmyndigheder eller IAEA's missioner (f.eks. sikkerhedsaspekter ved langvarig drift – Safety Aspects of Long Term Operation, SALTO) først og fremmest på aldringsvirkninger og mindre på »rimeligt praktisk mulige« sikkerhedsopgraderinger, som ledsager programmerne for langvarig drift. Derfor vil et fælles sæt tekniske referencer, hvori både aldrings- og sikkerhedsopgraderinger indgår, hjælpe alle deltagende aktører med at tilvejebringe programmer i de forskellige medlemsstater med tilsvarende sikkerhedsniveauer.

Projektleverance: I tæt samarbejde med myndigheder for nuklear sikkerhed skal et sæt tekniske referencevejledninger for langvarig drift udarbejdes, der navnlig omfatter aspekter vedrørende sikkerhedsopgraderinger. Desuden skal der for den fremtidige anvendelse af tilsynsmyndigheder defineres og beskrives en benchmarking af nationale programmer for langvarig drift i forhold til de ændrede direktiver (det tekniske indhold af deres udbudsmateriale), navnlig med hensyn til artikel 8a og 8b i det ændrede direktiv om nuklear sikkerhed.

Auftragsgegenstand ist eine Benchmarkingstudie in Bezug auf die technischen Anforderungen für Kernanlagen anhand der Sicherheitsreferenzniveaus der Vereinigung der westeuropäischen Atomaufsichtsbehörden (Western European Nuclear Regulators Association — WENRA), des EU-Regulierungsrahmens und der Normen der Internationalen Atomenergie-Organisation (IAEO).

Ein bedeutendes Hindernis für die fristgerechte Lizenzerteilung besteht darin, dass die von nationalen Behörden für nukleare Sicherheit erarbeitete Harmonisierung sich hauptsächlich auf hochrangige Sicherheitsnormen bezieht. Obwohl dies sicherlich sinnvoll ist, um auf EU-Ebene ein vergleichbares Sicherheitsniveau zu erreichen, trägt es nicht in erheblichem Umfang zu einer schnelleren oder allgemeineren Erteilung von Lizenzen für neue Bauprojekte oder zur Verlängerung der Betriebsdauer bestehender Reaktoren bei.

Deshalb ist zusätzliche Arbeit erforderlich, um auf die Harmonisierung von Sicherheitsnormen im Detail einzugehen oder die Untersuchung von Hypothesen und die Durchführbarkeitsanalyse, durch die mögliche weitere Maßnahmen gemäß der nachstehenden Beschreibung gestützt werden, zu vertiefen. Um dies zu erreichen, möchte die Kommission auf bestehenden, glaubwürdigen Initiativen, deren Mehrwert bereits erwiesen ist, aufbauen.

Nachstehend werden die derzeit laufenden Initiativen zusammen mit den jeweiligen vom Auftragnehmer erwarteten Leistungen aufgeführt.

1. Leistung: Benchmarking der Rechtsvorschriften im Rahmen des EURATOM-Vertrags anhand a) aller geltenden WENRA-Referenzniveaus, b) der IAEO-Normen und c) Anforderungen der geänderten Richtlinie über nukleare Sicherheit nach näherer Maßgabe von ENER/JRC (in der Entwicklung). Es wird sowohl Anbietern von KKW als auch Behörden für die nukleare Sicherheit zur Stellungnahme/Billigung vorgelegt.

2. Leistung: Durchführbarkeitsstudie in Bezug auf die Möglichkeit der Ausweitung der derzeitigen Arbeit im Rahmen der deutsch-französischen ETC-Initiative auf andere nationale Rechtsrahmen und andere Arten von Reaktoren. Wenn die Studie zu einem positiven Ergebnis kommt, sind die zur Umsetzung der kompletten Studie zu unternehmenden Schritte ausführlich darzulegen, sofern diese von der Kommission beschlossen wird.

3. Der Vorschlag im Rahmen der europäischen Reaktorkonstruktionsabnahme (European Reactor Design Acceptance — ERDA) zielt auf eine gemeinsame Konstruktionsüberprüfung und -abnahme ab, deren Ergebnisse von mehreren EU-Mitgliedstaaten gemeinsam genutzt würden. Dadurch wäre es möglich, dass die Reaktorkonstruktion für alle beteiligten Länder annehmbar wäre, mit Ausnahme notwendiger Anpassungen an bestimmte lokale Gegebenheiten, was zu einer wirksamen Standardisierung der Reaktorkonstruktionen auf europäischer Ebene führen würde. Der vorgeschlagene Ansatz basiert im Wesentlichen auf freiwilligen Maßnahmen der Aufsichtsbehörden und technischen Unterstützungsorganisationen (Technical Support Organisations — TSOs), welche Unterstützung der Kommission erhalten.

Leistung: ausführliche Beschreibung des technischen Inhalts, über den ein gemeinsames EU-Verfahren im Vorfeld der Lizenzerteilung verfügen sollte, unter Berücksichtigung der verschiedenen Arten von Reaktoren, der geltenden Sicherheitsnormen und (soweit möglich) der unterschiedlichen nationalen Rahmen der Mitgliedstaaten.

4. Benchmarking und Peer-Reviews, die von nationalen Sicherheitsbehörden oder im Rahmen von IAEO-Experteneinsätzen durchgeführt werden, sind wesentliche Instrumente zum Erreichen eines harmonisierten Sicherheitsniveaus in der EU und weltweit. Diese Instrumente sind für die zahlreichen vorgesehenen Fälle von Langzeitbetrieb (Long Term Operation — LTO) in der EU von besonderem Interesse. Derzeit konzentrieren sich entsprechende Bemühungen der Aufsichtsbehörden oder IAEO-Einsätze (z. B. SALTO) vorrangig auf Alterungseffekte und weniger auf „vernünftigerweise durchführbare“ Sicherheitsverbesserungen im Zuge der LTO-Programme. Daher würden gemeinsame Bestände technischer Referenzen, die sowohl alters- als auch sicherheitsbedingte Verbesserungen umfassen, allen beteiligten Akteuren dabei helfen, in den verschiedenen Mitgliedstaaten Programme mit gleichwertigen Sicherheitsniveaus durchzuführen.

Leistung: In enger Zusammenarbeit mit den Behörden für nukleare Sicherheit wird ein Bestand von Leitlinien mit technischen Referenzen für den Langzeitbetrieb ausgearbeitet, welcher insbesondere Aspekte im Zusammenhang mit den Sicherheitsverbesserungen umfasst. Darüber hinaus wird für die künftige Nutzung durch Aufsichtsbehörden ein Benchmarking nationaler LTO-Programme anhand der geänderten Richtlinien bestimmt und beschrieben (technischer Inhalt ihrer Leistungsbeschreibung), insbesondere anhand der Artikel 8a und 8b der geänderten Richtlinie über die nukleare Sicherheit.

The subject matter of the contract is a study on the benchmarking of nuclear technical requirements against WENRA safety reference levels, EU regulatory framework and IAEA standards.

An important obstacle to timely licensing is that the harmonisation developed by national nuclear safety authorities mainly concerns high-level safety standards. Whilst this is certainly useful to attain a similar level of safety at EU level, it does not contribute significantly to more rapid or generic licensing of new construction projects or to extend the operational life of existing reactors.

Hence, additional work is necessary to detail the harmonisation of safety standards or to further investigate hypothesis and feasibility analysis that underpin possible further action as described below. The Commission wishes to achieve this by building on existing credible initiatives that have already shown added value.

The current ongoing initiatives are listed below together with the respective deliverables expected from the contractor.

1. Deliverable: a benchmarking of the EUR documents against a) all applicable WENRA reference levels, b) IAEA standards and c) requirements of the amended directive on nuclear safety as detailed by ENER/JRC (in development). It will be submitted to both NPPs vendors and nuclear safety authorities for comments/endorsement.

2. Deliverable: a feasibility study on the possibility to extend the existing work performed under the Franco-German ETC initiative to other national legal frameworks and other type of reactors. If the study is positive, it should indicate in detail the steps to be taken to realise the full study, should it be decided by the Commission.

3. The ERDA (European reactor design acceptance) proposal aims at a common design review and acceptance, the results of which would be shared among several EU Member States allowing the reactor design to be acceptable to all participating countries, except for necessary adaptation to specific local conditions, leading to effective European standardisation of reactor designs. The suggested approach is essentially based on voluntary actions by regulators and TSOs with support of the Commission.

Deliverable: a detailed description of the technical content that a EU common pre-licensing process should include, taking into account the different types of reactors, the applicable safety standards and (as far as possible) the diversity of Member States national framework.

4. Benchmarking and peer reviews performed by national safety authorities or IAEA expert missions are essential tools to achieve a harmonised level of safety in the EU and worldwide. Those tools are of particular interest for the numerous expected LTO in the EU. At the time being related efforts developed by regulators or the IAEA missions (e.g. SALTO) focus in priority on ageing effects, less on ‘reasonably practicable’ safety upgrades that accompany the LTO programmes. Hence, common sets of technical references integrating both ageing and safety upgrades would help all involved actors to deliver programmes across the different Member States with equivalent safety levels.

Deliverable: in close cooperation with nuclear safety authorities, a set of technical reference guide(s) for LTO will be prepared, covering in particular aspects related to the safety upgrades. In addition, a benchmarking of national LTO programmes against the amended directives will be defined and described (technical content of their terms of reference), particularly regarding Articles 8a and 8b of amended nuclear safety Directive, for future use by regulators.

El objeto del contrato es elaborar un estudio sobre el análisis comparativo de los requisitos técnicos de seguridad nuclear en relación con los niveles de referencia de seguridad de la Asociación de Reguladores Nucleares de Europa Occidental, el marco reglamentario de la Unión Europea y las normas del OIEA.

Un obstáculo considerable para la concesión oportuna de licencias es que la armonización desarrollada por parte de las autoridades nacionales de seguridad nacional se refiere principalmente a las normas de seguridad de alto nivel. Aunque esto es sin duda de utilidad para alcanzar un nivel similar de seguridad a escala de la Unión Europea, no contribuye de manera significativa a una concesión más rápida o genérica de licencias de nuevos proyectos de construcción o a la ampliación de la vida útil de los reactores existentes.

Por tanto, se necesita trabajar más para detallar la armonización de las normas de seguridad o para seguir investigando hipótesis y análisis de viabilidad que apoyen posibles medidas adicionales, tal y como se describe a continuación. La Comisión desea lograr este objetivo sobre la base de las actuales iniciativas fiables que ya hayan demostrado valor añadido.

Las actuales iniciativas en curso se detallan a continuación junto con los respectivos resultados esperados por parte del contratista.

1. Resultado: un análisis comparativo de los documentos relativos a la legislación en virtud del Tratado Euratom en relación con a) todos los niveles de referencia aplicables de la Asociación de Reguladores Nucleares de Europa Occidental (WENRA), b) las normas del OIEA, y c) los requisitos de la Directiva modificada de seguridad nuclear tal y como detalla ENER/JRC (en fase de desarrollo). Este será presentado a las autoridades de seguridad nuclear y a los proveedores de centrales nucleares para que presenten sus observaciones y apoyo.

2. Resultado: un estudio de viabilidad sobre la posibilidad de ampliar las actividades actuales realizadas en el marco de la iniciativa franco-alemana de Códigos técnicos europeos para reactores de agua a presión a otros marcos jurídicos nacionales y a otros tipos de reactores. Si el estudio es positivo, debería indicar en detalle las medidas que han de adoptarse para llevar a cabo el estudio completo, en caso de que así lo decida la Comisión.

3. La propuesta ERDA (Aceptación europea del diseño de reactores) tiene como objeto una revisión y aceptación comunes del diseño, cuyos resultados se compartirán entre varios Estados miembros, permitiendo que el diseño de los reactores sea apropiado para todos los países participantes, excepto en casos de adaptaciones necesarias a condiciones locales específicas, obteniendo así una normalización europea efectiva de los diseños de reactores. El enfoque propuesto se basa esencialmente en la adopción de medidas voluntarias por parte de los reguladores y las organizaciones de apoyo técnico, con la asistencia de la Comisión.

Resultado: una descripción detallada de los aspectos técnicos que debería incluir un proceso común europeo de concesión previa de licencias, teniendo en cuenta los distintos tipos de reactores, las normas de seguridad aplicables y (en la medida de lo posible) la diversidad del marco nacional de los Estados miembros.

4. El análisis comparativo y las revisiones por pares llevados a cabo por las autoridades de seguridad nacional o las misiones de expertos del OIEA son herramientas esenciales para lograr un nivel armonizado de seguridad en la Unión Europea y en todo el mundo. Estos instrumentos son de especial interés para las numerosas operaciones a largo plazo previstas en la Unión Europea. Actualmente los esfuerzos conexos llevados a cabo por reguladores o por las misiones del OIEA [por ejemplo, aspectos de seguridad de la explotación a largo plazo (SALTO)] se centran principalmente en los efectos del envejecimiento, y no tanto en las mejoras de seguridad «razonablemente factibles» que acompañan a los programas de la explotación a largo plazo. Por tanto, unas referencias técnicas comunes capaces de integrar el envejecimiento y la mejora de la seguridad podrían ayudar a todos los actores interesados a ejecutar programas en los distintos Estados miembros con niveles equivalentes de seguridad.

Resultado: en estrecha cooperación con las autoridades de seguridad nuclear, se elaborará una guía de referencias técnicas para la explotación a largo plazo, que cubra en particular aspectos relacionados con las mejoras de seguridad. Además, se definirá y describirá un análisis comparativo de los programas nacionales de explotación a largo plazo en relación con las directivas modificadas (aspectos técnicos de su pliego de condiciones), en particular respecto a los artículos 8 bis y 8 ter de la Directiva modificada de seguridad nuclear, para su uso futuro por parte de los reguladores.

Sopimuksen kohteena on tutkimus, joka koskee ydinlaitosten teknisten vaatimusten vertailuanalyysiä verrattuna Länsi-Euroopan ydinalan sääntelyviranomaisten järjestön (WENRA) turvallisuuden viitetasoihin, EU:n sääntelykehykseen ja Kansainvälisen atomienergiajärjestön (IAEA) standardeihin.

Lupien oikea-aikaisen myöntämisen keskeisenä esteenä on, että kansallisten ydinturvallisuusviranomaisten kehittämä yhdenmukaistaminen koskee pääasiassa korkean tason turvallisuusstandardeja. Tämä on epäilemättä tarpeellista samankaltaisen turvallisuustason saavuttamiseksi EU:n tasolla, mutta se ei edistä merkittävästi nopeampaa tai yleisempää lupien myöntämistä uusille rakennushankkeille tai nykyisten reaktorien käyttöiän pidentämistä.

Tämän takia tarvitaan lisätyötä turvallisuusstandardien yhdenmukaistamisen määrittämiseksi tai sellaisen hypoteesin ja toteutettavuusanalyysin laajemmaksi tutkimiseksi, joilla tuetaan jäljempänä mainitun mukaista mahdollista lisätoimea. Komissio haluaa saavuttaa tämän hyödyntämällä nykyisiä uskottavia aloitteita, joiden on jo osoitettu tuottavan lisäarvoa.

Nykyiset käynnissä olevat aloitteet on lueteltu jäljempänä, ja luettelossa on mainittu tuotokset, joita odotetaan sopimusosapuolelta.

1. Tuotos: Euratomin perustamissopimuksen nojalla annettuun lainsäädäntöön (legislation under EURATOM Treaty – EUR) liittyvien asiakirjojen vertailuanalyysi verrattuna a) kaikkiin sovellettaviin WENRAn viitetasoihin, b) IAEA:n standardeihin ja c) ydinturvallisuutta koskevan muutetun direktiivin vaatimuksiin energian PO:n / yhteisen tutkimuskeskuksen (JRC) määritelmien mukaisesti (kehitteillä). Tuotos lähetetään sekä ydinlaitosten (nuclear power plant – NPP) toimittajille että ydinturvallisuusviranomaisille huomautuksia/hyväksymistä varten.

2. Tuotos: toteutettavuustutkimus mahdollisuudesta laajentaa painevesireaktoreihin liittyviä eurooppalaisia teknisiä säännöstöjä (European pressure water reactor Technical Codes – ETC) koskevan ranskalais-saksalaisen aloitteen yhteydessä suoritettua nykyistä työtä muihin kansallisiin lainsäädäntökehyksiin ja muun tyyppisiin reaktoreihin. Mikäli tutkimuksen tulokset ovat myönteiset, tuotoksessa on määritettävä yksityiskohtaisesti vaiheet täyden tutkimuksen toteuttamiseksi, mikäli komissio päättää täyden tutkimuksen toteuttamisesta.

3. Eurooppalaista reaktorien rakennehyväksyntää (European reactor design acceptance – ERDA) koskevan ehdotuksen tavoitteena on yhteinen rakenteen tarkastus ja hyväksyntä. Sen tulokset jaetaan useiden EU:n jäsenvaltioiden kesken, minkä ansiosta reaktorin rakenne voidaan hyväksyä kaikissa osallistuvissa maissa, lukuun ottamatta tarpeellista mukauttamista paikallisiin erikoisolosuhteisiin. Tämän ansiosta saavutetaan tehokas eurooppalainen reaktorien rakenteen standardisointi. Ehdotettu lähestymistapa perustuu pääasiassa vapaaehtoisiin toimiin, joita sääntelyviranomaiset ja teknisen tuen järjestöt (Technical Support Organisation – TSO) suorittavat komission tuella.

Tuotos: yksityiskohtainen kuvaus teknisestä sisällöstä, joka on sisällytettävä EU:n yhteiseen lupien myöntämistä edeltävään menettelyyn ja jossa otetaan huomioon erityyppiset reaktorit, sovellettavat turvallisuusstandardit ja (mahdollisuuksien mukaan) jäsenvaltioiden kansallisten kehysten moninaisuus.

4. Kansallisten turvallisuusviranomaisten tai IAEA:n asiantuntijaryhmien suorittamat vertailuanalyysit ja vertaisarvioinnit ovat keskeisiä työkaluja yhdenmukaistetun turvallisuustason saavuttamisessa EU:ssa ja maailmanlaajuisesti. Kyseiset työkalut ovat erityisen keskeisiä useissa odotetuissa pitkäaikaisissa operaatioissa (Long Term Operation – LTO) EU:ssa. Tällä hetkellä turvallisuusviranomaisten tai IAEA:n asiantuntijaryhmien kehittämissä asiaankuuluvissa toimissa (esimerkiksi pitkäaikaisten operaatioiden turvallisuusnäkökohdat (Safety Aspects of Long Term Operation – SALTO) keskitytään pääasiassa ikääntymisvaikutuksiin eikä kohtuudella toteutettavissa oleviin turvallisuusparannuksiin, jotka sisältyvät pitkäaikaisten operaatioiden ohjelmiin. Tästä syystä yhteiset teknisten viitteiden kokonaisuudet, joissa yhdistetään sekä ikääntymiseen liittyvät seikat että turvallisuusparannukset, olisivat avuksi kaikille mukana oleville toimijoille ohjelmien toimittamisessa eri jäsenvaltioissa samojen turvallisuustasojen mukaisesti.

Tuotos: ydinturvallisuusviranomaisten kanssa läheisessä yhteistyössä laaditaan pitkäaikaisia operaatioita varten teknisten viiteohjeiden kokonaisuus, joka koskee erityisesti turvallisuusparannuksiin liittyviä seikkoja. Lisäksi määritetään ja kuvaillaan sääntelyviranomaisten tulevaan käyttöön kansallisten pitkäaikaisten operaatioiden ohjelmia koskeva vertailuanalyysi verrattuna muutettuihin direktiiveihin (niiden tehtävänkuvauksen tekninen sisältö), erityisesti muutetun ydinturvallisuutta koskevan direktiivin 8 a ja 8 b artiklan osalta.

Le marché porte sur la réalisation d'une étude qui devra procéder à l'analyse comparative des exigences techniques nucléaires par rapport aux niveaux de référence de sûreté de l'Association des autorités de sûreté nucléaire des pays d'Europe de l'Ouest, au cadre réglementaire de l'UE et aux normes de l'AIEA.

Un obstacle considérable à l'octroi de licences en temps voulu découle du fait que l'harmonisation élaborée par les autorités nationales de sûreté nucléaire concerne principalement les normes de sûreté de haut niveau. Il est certes utile de parvenir à un niveau similaire de sûreté à l'échelle de l'UE, mais cela ne contribue pas de manière significative à l'autorisation plus rapide ou plus générale de nouveaux projets de construction, ni à l'allongement de la durée d'exploitation des réacteurs existants.

Des travaux supplémentaires sont donc nécessaires afin de préciser l'harmonisation des normes de sûreté ou d'approfondir l'analyse des hypothèses et de faisabilité qui sous-tend d'éventuelles actions futures, comme décrit ci-après. La Commission souhaite atteindre cet objectif en s'appuyant sur des initiatives crédibles existantes qui ont déjà démontré leur valeur ajoutée.

Les initiatives en cours sont énumérées ci-après, avec les résultats correspondants qui devraient être obtenus par le contractant.

1. Résultat: analyse comparative des documents législatifs dans le cadre du traité Euratom par rapport a) à tous les niveaux de référence en vigueur de l'Association des autorités de sûreté nucléaire des pays d'Europe de l'Ouest; b) aux normes de l'AIEA; et c) aux exigences de la directive modifiée relative à la sûreté nucléaire, telles que détaillées par la DG Énergie/le JRC (en cours d'élaboration). Cette analyse sera soumise aux fournisseurs de centrales nucléaires et aux autorités de sûreté nucléaire pour qu'ils puissent y ajouter leurs commentaires/la valider.

2. Résultat: étude de faisabilité sur la possibilité d'étendre les travaux existants réalisés dans le cadre de l'initiative franco-allemande relative aux codes techniques européens pour les réacteurs à eau sous pression à d'autres cadres juridiques nationaux et à d'autres types de réacteurs. Si l'étude est positive, elle devrait indiquer en détail les mesures à prendre pour réaliser l'étude complète, en fonction de la décision de la Commission.

3. La proposition d'ERDA (réception européenne de conception de réacteur) vise à parvenir à un examen et à une réception communs de la conception, dont les résultats seraient partagés entre plusieurs États membres de l'UE, ce qui permettrait à la conception de réacteur d'être acceptable dans tous les pays participants, sous réserve d'une adaptation nécessaire aux conditions locales spécifiques, et aboutirait à une normalisation européenne efficace des conceptions de réacteurs. L'approche proposée se fonde essentiellement sur les mesures volontaires prises par les autorités de réglementation et les organisations de soutien technique avec l'aide de la Commission.

Résultat: description détaillée du contenu technique d'un éventuel processus commun d'autorisation préalable de l'UE, en prenant en considération les différents types de réacteurs, les normes de sûreté en vigueur et (dans la mesure du possible) les divers cadres nationaux des États membres.

4. Les analyses comparatives et les examens collégiaux réalisés par les autorités nationales de sûreté ou dans le cadre des missions d'experts de l'AIEA sont des outils essentiels pour parvenir à un niveau harmonisé de sûreté dans l'UE et dans le monde entier. Ces outils présentent un intérêt particulier en vue des nombreuses exploitations à long terme envisagées dans l'UE. À l'heure actuelle, les actions correspondantes mises en place par les autorités de réglementation ou les missions de l'AIEA (par exemple SALTO: aspects relatifs à la sécurité de l'exploitation à long terme) se concentrent en priorité sur les effets du vieillissement, et moins sur les améliorations de sûreté «raisonnablement possibles» qui accompagnent les programmes d'exploitation à long terme. Des séries communes de références techniques intégrant à la fois les améliorations relatives au vieillissement et à la sûreté devraient aider tous les acteurs concernés à mettre en œuvre des programmes dotés de niveaux de sûreté équivalents dans les différents États membres.

Résultat: en étroite coopération avec les autorités de sûreté nucléaire, une série de guides de références techniques pour l'exploitation à long terme, couvrant notamment les aspects relatifs aux améliorations de sûreté, sera élaborée. En outre, une analyse comparative des programmes nationaux d'exploitation à long terme par rapport aux directives modifiées sera définie et décrite (contenu technique de leur cahier des charges), notamment en ce qui concerne les articles 8 bis et 8 ter de la directive modifiée relative à la sûreté nucléaire, en vue d'une utilisation future par les autorités de réglementation.

Το αντικείμενο της σύμβασης είναι η εκπόνηση μιας μελέτης σχετικά με τη συγκριτική αξιολόγηση των πυρηνικών τεχνικών απαιτήσεων έναντι των επιπέδων αναφοράς της Δυτικοευρωπαϊκής Ένωσης Ρυθμιστικών Αρχών στα Πυρηνικά (WENRA) όσον αφορά την ασφάλεια, του ρυθμιστικού πλαισίου της ΕΕ και των προτύπων του ΔΟΑΕ.

Ένα σημαντικό εμπόδιο για την έγκαιρη αδειοδότηση αποτελεί το γεγονός ότι η εναρμόνιση που αναπτύσσεται από τις εθνικές αρχές πυρηνικής ασφάλειας αφορά κυρίως πρότυπα ασφάλειας υψηλού επιπέδου. Ενώ αυτό είναι ασφαλώς χρήσιμο για την επίτευξη ενός παρόμοιου επιπέδου ασφάλειας σε επίπεδο ΕΕ, δεν συμβάλλει σημαντικά στην ταχύτερη ή γενική αδειοδότηση νέων κατασκευαστικών έργων ή στην επέκταση της διάρκειας ζωής των υφιστάμενων αντιδραστήρων.

Συνεπώς, απαιτούνται πρόσθετες εργασίες για τον λεπτομερή καθορισμό της εναρμόνισης των προτύπων ασφάλειας ή για την περαιτέρω διερεύνηση υποθέσεων και αναλύσεων σκοπιμότητας που υποστηρίζουν πιθανές περαιτέρω δράσεις όπως περιγράφεται κατωτέρω. Η Επιτροπή επιθυμεί να επιτύχει τον εν λόγω στόχο μέσω της αξιοποίησης των υφιστάμενων αξιόπιστων πρωτοβουλιών που έχουν ήδη αποδείξει την προστιθέμενη αξία τους.

Οι τρέχουσες πρωτοβουλίες αναφέρονται κατωτέρω μαζί με τα αντίστοιχα παραδοτέα που αναμένονται από τον ανάδοχο.

1. Παραδοτέο: συγκριτική αξιολόγηση των εγγράφων σχετικά με τις ευρωπαϊκές απαιτήσεις για τις επιχειρήσεις κοινής ωφελείας (EUR) έναντι α) όλων των εφαρμόσιμων επιπέδων αναφοράς της WENRA, β) των προτύπων του ΔΟΑΕ και γ) των απαιτήσεων της τροποποιημένης οδηγίας για την πυρηνική ασφάλεια όπως αναφέρεται λεπτομερώς από τη ΓΔ ENER/JRC (υπό ανάπτυξη). Θα υποβληθεί στους παρόχους πυρηνικών σταθμών ηλεκτρικής ενέργειας και τις αρχές πυρηνικής ασφάλειας για σχολιασμό/έγκριση.

2. Παραδοτέο: μελέτη σκοπιμότητας σχετικά με τη δυνατότητα επέκτασης των υφιστάμενων εργασιών που εκτελούνται στο πλαίσιο της γαλλο-γερμανικής πρωτοβουλίας ETC (ευρωπαϊκοί τεχνικοί κώδικες σχετικά με του αντιδραστήρες ύδατος) σε άλλα εθνικά νομικά πλαίσια και άλλα είδη αντιδραστήρων. Εάν η μελέτη είναι θετική, πρέπει να αναφέρει λεπτομερώς τα βήματα που πρέπει να ληφθούν για την υλοποίηση της πλήρους μελέτης, σε περίπτωση που αποφασιστεί από την Επιτροπή.

3. Η πρόταση ERDA (αποδοχή ευρωπαϊκού σχεδιασμού αντιδραστήρων) αποσκοπεί στην αναθεώρηση και αποδοχή ενός κοινού σχεδιασμού, τα αποτελέσματα του οποίου θα χρησιμοποιηθούν από κοινού σε διάφορα κράτη μέλη της ΕΕ, προκειμένου να καταστεί δυνατή η αποδοχή του σχεδιασμού αντιδραστήρων σε όλες τις συμμετέχουσες χώρες, με εξαίρεση τις απαραίτητες προσαρμογές σε συγκεκριμένες τοπικές συνθήκες, με αποτέλεσμα την αποτελεσματική ευρωπαϊκή τυποποίηση σχεδίων αντιδραστήρων. Η προτεινόμενη προσέγγιση βασίζεται ουσιαστικά σε εθελοντικές δράσεις των ρυθμιστικών αρχών και των οργανισμών τεχνικής υποστήριξης (TSO) με την υποστήριξη της Επιτροπής.

Παραδοτέο: λεπτομερής περιγραφή του τεχνικού περιεχομένου που πρέπει να περιλαμβάνει μια κοινή διαδικασία προ-αδειοδότητης της ΕΕ, λαμβάνοντας υπόψη τα διαφορετικά είδη αντιδραστήρων, τα ισχύοντα πρότυπα ασφάλειας και (στο μέτρο του δυνατού) την πολυμορφία του εθνικού πλαισίου των κρατών μελών.

4. Η συγκριτική αξιολόγηση και οι αξιολογήσεις από ομότιμους που εκτελούνται από εθνικές αρχές ασφάλειας ή από αποστολές εμπειρογνωμόνων του ΔΟΑΕ αποτελούν σημαντικά εργαλεία για την επίτευξη ενός εναρμονισμένου επιπέδου ασφάλειας στην ΕΕ και σε παγκόσμιο επίπεδο. Τα εν λόγω εργαλεία παρουσιάζουν ιδιαίτερο ενδιαφέρον για τις πολυάριθμες αναμενόμενες μακροχρόνιες εκμεταλλεύσεις (LTO) στην ΕΕ. Προς το παρόν, οι σχετικές προσπάθειες που αναπτύσσουν οι ρυθμιστικές αρχές ή οι αποστολές του ΔΟΑΕ [π.χ. SALTO (πτυχές ασφαλείας μακροχρόνιας λειτουργίας)] επικεντρώνονται κατά προτεραιότητα στις επιπτώσεις της γήρανσης και λιγότερο σε «ευλόγως εφικτές» αναβαθμίσεις της ασφάλειας που συνοδεύουν τα προγράμματα μακροχρόνιων εκμεταλλεύσεων. Συνεπώς, τα κοινά σύνολα τεχνικών αναφορών που ενσωματώνουν τις αναβαθμίσεις γήρανσης και ασφάλειας θα βοηθήσουν όλους τους εμπλεκόμενους φορείς να παράσχουν προγράμματα στα διάφορα κράτη μέλη με ισοδύναμα επίπεδα ασφάλειας.

Παραδοτέο: σε στενή συνεργασία με τις αρχές πυρηνικής ασφάλειας, θα καταρτιστεί ένα σύνολο τεχνικών οδηγών αναφοράς για τις μακροχρόνιες εκμεταλλεύσεις, το οποίο θα καλύπτει ειδικότερα τις πτυχές που αφορούν τις αναβαθμίσεις ασφάλειας. Επίσης, θα καθοριστεί και θα περιγραφεί μια συγκριτική αξιολόγηση των εθνικών προγραμμάτων μακροχρόνιας εκμετάλλευσης έναντι των τροποποιημένων οδηγιών (τεχνικό περιεχόμενο των όρων αναφοράς τους), ειδικότερα αναφορικά με τα άρθρα 8α και 8β της τροποποιημένης οδηγίας για την πυρηνική ασφάλεια, για μελλοντική χρήση από τις ρυθμιστικές αρχές.

L'oggetto dell'appalto consiste in uno studio relativo all'analisi comparativa dei requisiti tecnici nucleari rispetto ai livelli di sicurezza di riferimento dell'Associazione delle autorità di regolamentazione nucleare dell'Europa occidentale (WENRA), al quadro normativo dell'UE e alle norme dell'AIEA.

Un ostacolo importante alla tempestiva concessione di licenze è costituito dal fatto che l'armonizzazione sviluppata dalle autorità nazionali per la sicurezza nucleare riguarda soprattutto le norme di sicurezza di alto livello. Sebbene sia senz'altro utile per conseguire un livello analogo di sicurezza a livello dell'Unione europea, ciò non contribuisce in misura significativa a una più rapida o generica concessione di licenze per i nuovi progetti di costruzione o al prolungamento della durata di funzionamento dei reattori esistenti.

Di conseguenza, è necessario un lavoro supplementare per specificare l'armonizzazione delle norme di sicurezza o esaminare ulteriormente ipotesi e analisi di fattibilità su cui basare un'eventuale ulteriore azione come descritto di seguito. La Commissione intende conseguire tale obiettivo sviluppando iniziative attendibili esistenti che hanno già dimostrato valore aggiunto.

Le iniziative attualmente in corso sono elencate di seguito, insieme con i rispettivi risultati tangibili richiesti al contraente.

1. Risultato tangibile: un'analisi comparativa dei documenti legislativi nell'ambito del trattato Euratom rispetto a) a tutti i pertinenti livelli di riferimento WENRA, b) alle norme dell'AIEA e c) ai requisiti della direttiva modificata sulla sicurezza nucleare, come indicato da ENER/JRC (in fase di sviluppo). L'analisi sarà sottoposta sia ai fornitori degli impianti nucleari che alle autorità per la sicurezza nucleare ai fini della formulazione di commenti/approvazione.

2. Risultato tangibile: uno studio di fattibilità relativo alla possibilità di ampliare l'attuale lavoro eseguito nell'ambito dell'iniziativa ETC (European pressure water reactor Technical Code, codice tecnico europeo per i reattori ad acqua pressurizzata) franco-tedesca ad altri quadri giuridici nazionali e altri tipi di reattori. Se lo studio sarà positivo, esso dovrà indicare nel dettaglio le azioni da intraprendere per realizzare lo studio completo, qualora sia deciso dalla Commissione.

3. La proposta relativa all'accettazione europea della progettazione dei reattori (European reactor design acceptance, ERDA) mira a una revisione e accettazione comune della progettazione, i cui risultati sarebbero condivisi tra più Stati membri dell'UE consentendo una progettazione dei reattori accettabile per tutti i paesi partecipanti, con l'eccezione degli adeguamenti necessari a specifiche condizioni locali, ottenendo così una standardizzazione europea efficace della progettazione dei reattori. L'approccio suggerito si basa essenzialmente su azioni intraprese a titolo volontario dalle autorità di regolamentazione e dalle organizzazioni di supporto tecnico con il sostegno della Commissione.

Risultato tangibile: una descrizione dettagliata del contenuto tecnico che un processo comune dell'UE per la pre-concessione di licenze dovrebbe comprendere, tenendo conto dei diversi tipi di reattori, delle norme di sicurezza applicabili e (nella misura del possibile) della diversità dei quadri nazionali degli Stati membri.

4. L'analisi comparativa e le revisioni tra pari effettuate dalle autorità nazionali per la sicurezza o dalle missioni di esperti dell'AIEA sono strumenti essenziali per raggiungere un livello armonizzato di sicurezza nell'UE e nel mondo. Tali strumenti sono di particolare interesse per le numerose operazioni a lungo termine previste nell'UE. Al momento, le iniziative connesse sviluppate dalle autorità di regolamentazione o dalle missioni dell'AIEA (ad es. SALTO, Safety Aspects of Long Term Operation, aspetti relativi alla sicurezza delle operazioni a lungo termine) si concentrano principalmente sugli effetti dell'invecchiamento e meno sui potenziamenti della sicurezza «ragionevolmente praticabili» che accompagnano i programmi delle operazioni a lungo termine. Pertanto, insiemi comuni di riferimenti tecnici che integrino sia l'invecchiamento che i potenziamenti della sicurezza aiuterebbero tutti i soggetti coinvolti a realizzare programmi nei vari Stati membri con livelli di sicurezza equivalenti.

Risultato tangibile: in stretta collaborazione con le autorità per la sicurezza nucleare, sarà messo a punto un insieme di guide tecniche di riferimento per le operazioni a lungo termine, concernente in particolare gli aspetti relativi ai potenziamenti della sicurezza. Inoltre, sarà definita e descritta un'analisi comparativa dei programmi nazionali delle operazioni a lungo termine rispetto alle direttive modificate (contenuto tecnico del loro mandato), in particolare per quanto riguarda gli articoli 8 bis e 8 ter della direttiva sulla sicurezza nucleare, come modificata, per l'uso futuro da parte delle autorità di regolamentazione.

De opdracht betreft een onderzoek naar de bepaling van benchmarks voor kerntechnische vereisten met betrekking tot de veiligheidsreferentieniveaus van de Wenra, het regelgevingskader van de EU en de IAEA-normen.

Een belangrijke hindernis voor het tijdig afgeven van een vergunning is het feit dat de harmonisatie die door nationale autoriteiten voor nucleaire veiligheid is ontwikkeld, voornamelijk betrekking heeft op veiligheidsnormen op hoog niveau. Dit is zeker nuttig om een vergelijkbaar veiligheidsniveau te bereiken op EU-niveau, maar het levert geen aanzienlijke bijdrage aan de snellere afgifte van een vergunning of de afgifte van een meer algemene vergunning voor nieuwe bouwprojecten of de verlenging van de levensduur van bestaande reactoren.

Daarom is het nodig dat de harmonisatie van de veiligheidsnormen verder wordt uitgewerkt of de hypotheses verder worden onderzocht en de haalbaarheid geanalyseerd van acties zoals hieronder beschreven. De Commissie wil dit doel bereiken door te bouwen op bestaande geloofwaardige initiatieven die hun toegevoegde waarde al hebben bewezen.

De lopende initiatieven staan hieronder, samen met de van de contractant verwachte resultaten.

1. Verwacht resultaat: een bepaling van de benchmarks voor de wetgevingsdocumenten van het Euratom-verdrag ten opzichte van: a) alle van toepassing zijnde Wenra-referentieniveaus, b) de IAEA-normen, en c) de vereisten van de gewijzigde richtlijn inzake nucleaire veiligheid zoals beschreven door het directoraat Energie, Vervoer en Klimaat van het JRC (in ontwikkeling). Het resultaat zal aan zowel exploitanten van kerncentrales als autoriteiten voor nucleaire veiligheid worden voorgelegd voor opmerkingen/goedkeuring.

2. Verwacht resultaat: een haalbaarheidsonderzoek om vast te stellen of het mogelijk is het bestaande werk van het Frans-Duitse ETC-initiatief uit te breiden naar andere nationale wettelijke kaders en andere soorten reactoren. Indien het onderzoek aantoont dat dit mogelijk is, moet het in detail de stappen beschrijven die moeten worden gezet om een volledig onderzoek hiernaar uit te voeren in het geval de Commissie daartoe beslist.

3. Het ERDA-voorstel (Europese goedkeuring van ontwerpen voor reactoren) is gericht op een gezamenlijke beoordeling en goedkeuring van een ontwerp, dat dan in verschillende EU-lidstaten zou worden verspreid zodat het ontwerp voor de reactor voor alle deelnemende landen aanvaardbaar is, mits de nodige aanpassingen aan specifieke plaatselijke omstandigheden. Dit zou leiden tot een doeltreffende Europese normering van ontwerpen voor reactoren. De voorgestelde benadering is in wezen gebaseerd op vrijwillige bijdragen van regelgevers en organisaties voor technische bijstand met de ondersteuning van de Commissie.

Verwacht resultaat: een gedetailleerde beschrijving van de technische inhoud die moet zijn opgenomen in een gezamenlijk proces dat voorafgaat aan de afgifte van een vergunning, rekening houdend met de verschillende soorten reactoren, de van toepassing zijnde veiligheidsnormen en (zo veel mogelijk) de verscheidenheid van de nationale kaders van de lidstaten.

4. Het bepalen van benchmarks en collegiale toetsing door nationale veiligheidsautoriteiten of missies van IAEA-deskundigen zijn essentiële instrumenten om een geharmoniseerd veiligheidsniveau te bereiken in de EU en de wereld. Die instrumenten zijn in het bijzonder van belang voor het verwachte hoge aantal centrales met langdurige werking in de EU. Voorlopig zijn desbetreffende inspanningen van regelgevers of IAEA-missies (bijv. SALTO) voornamelijk gericht op de effecten van veroudering en minder op "uitvoerbare" upgrades van de veiligheid binnen de grenzen van het redelijke die in programma's voor langdurige werking zijn opgenomen. Daarom zouden gezamenlijke technische referenties die zowel veroudering als upgrades van de veiligheid integreren, ten goede komen van alle betrokkenen om programma's op te stellen in de verschillende lidstaten die gelijkwaardige veiligheidsniveaus hebben.

Verwacht resultaat: een reeks technische referentierichtsnoeren voor langdurige werking opstellen in nauwe samenwerking met autoriteiten voor nucleaire veiligheid, die de nadruk legt op aspecten inzake upgrades van de veiligheid. Bovendien moeten benchmarks van nationale programma's voor langdurige werking ten opzichte van de gewijzigde richtlijnen worden bepaald en beschreven (technische inhoud van hun taakomschrijving), in het bijzonder met betrekking tot artikelen 8a en 8b van de gewijzigde richtlijn inzake nucleaire veiligheid, voor gebruik door regelgevers in de toekomst.

O objeto do contrato consiste num estudo sobre a análise comparativa de requisitos técnicos nucleares relativamente aos níveis de segurança de referência da WENRA, ao quadro regulamentar da UE e às normas da AIEA.

Um obstáculo significativo ao licenciamento atempado consiste no facto de a harmonização desenvolvida por autoridades nacionais de segurança nuclear dizer essencialmente respeito a normas de segurança de alto nível. Embora tal seja certamente útil para obter um nível semelhante de segurança ao nível da UE, não contribui significativamente para um licenciamento mais rápido ou genérico de novos projetos de construção ou para o prolongamento da vida útil de reatores existentes.

Por conseguinte, é necessário trabalho adicional para pormenorizar a harmonização de normas de segurança ou investigar mais aprofundadamente hipóteses e análises de viabilidade para sustentação de outras medidas possíveis, conforme descrito infra. A Comissão pretende concretizar este objetivo através do desenvolvimento de iniciativas credíveis existentes que já demonstraram valor acrescentado.

As iniciativas atualmente em curso são listadas infra juntamente com os respetivos resultados esperados do contratante.

1. Resultados: uma análise comparativa dos documentos da legislação ao abrigo do Tratado EURATOM relativamente a a) todos os níveis de referência da WENRA aplicáveis, b) normas da AIEA e c) requisitos da diretiva alterada relativa à segurança nuclear conforme pormenorizados pela ENER/pelo JRC (em desenvolvimento). Esta será apresentada a fornecedores de centrais nucleares e a autoridades de segurança nuclear para elaboração de comentários/aprovação.

2. Resultados: um estudo de viabilidade sobre a possibilidade de alargar o atual trabalho executado sob a iniciativa franco-alemã ETC a outros quadros jurídicos nacionais e outro tipo de reatores. Se o estudo for positivo, deve indicar pormenorizadamente os passos a dar para concretizar todo o estudo, caso assim seja decidido pela Comissão.

3. A proposta ERDA (aceitação europeia de projetos de reatores) visa uma revisão e uma aceitação comuns de projetos, cujos resultados seriam partilhados entre vários Estados-Membros da UE permitindo que o projeto de reator fosse aceitável para todos os países participantes, à exceção da adaptação necessária a condições locais específicas, conduzindo a uma normalização europeia efetiva de projetos de reatores. A abordagem sugerida é essencialmente baseada em ações voluntárias de reguladores e organizações de apoio técnico com o apoio da Comissão.

Resultados: uma descrição pormenorizada do conteúdo técnico que um processo comum de pré-licenciamento da UE deve incluir, tendo em conta os diferentes tipos de reatores, as normas de segurança aplicáveis e (se possível) a diversidade de quadros nacionais dos Estados-Membros.

4. As análises comparativas e revisões pelos pares realizadas por autoridades nacionais de segurança ou missões de peritos da AIEA constituem ferramentas essenciais para obter um nível harmonizado de segurança na UE e em todo o mundo. Estas ferramentas são de especial interesse para as numerosas operações a longo prazo esperadas na UE. Neste momento, os esforços conexos desenvolvidos por reguladores ou pelas missões da AIEA (por exemplo, aspetos de segurança de operação a longo prazo) concentram-se prioritariamente em efeitos de envelhecimento e menos em atualizações de segurança «razoavelmente praticáveis» que acompanham os programas de operação a longo prazo. Por conseguinte, os conjuntos comuns de referências técnicas que integram o envelhecimento e as atualizações de segurança ajudariam todos os intervenientes a executar programas nos diferentes Estados-Membros com níveis equivalentes de segurança.

Resultados: em estreita cooperação com autoridades de segurança nuclear, será preparado um conjunto de guias de referência técnica para operações a longo prazo, abrangendo nomeadamente aspetos relacionados com atualizações de segurança. Adicionalmente, proceder-se-á à definição e à descrição de uma análise comparativa de programas nacionais de operação a longo prazo relativamente às diretivas alteradas (conteúdo técnico dos respetivos termos de referência), nomeadamente no que se refere aos artigos 8.o-A e 8.o-B da diretiva relativa à segurança nuclear, submetida a alterações, para utilização futura por parte dos reguladores.

Föremålet för kontraktet är en undersökning av riktmärkningen av de tekniska kraven avseende kärnenergi gentemot Wenras referensnivåer för säkerhet, EU:s regelverk och IAEA:s standarder.

Ett väsentligt hinder för tidsenlig licensiering är att harmoniseringen som utarbetats av nationella kärnsäkerhetsmyndigheter i huvudsak berör säkerhetstandarder på hög nivå. Samtidigt som detta förvisso är användbart för att uppnå liknande säkerhetsnivåer på EU-nivå så bidrar inte detta väsentligt till snabbare eller mer allmän licensiering av nya byggprojekt eller till att förlänga driftsperioden för befintliga reaktorer.

Därför erfordras ytterligare arbete för att specificera harmoniseringen av säkerhetsstandarder eller för att ytterligare undersöka den hypotes och den förstudie som ligger till grund för möjliga ytterligare åtgärder i enlighet med vad som beskrivs nedan. Kommissionen önskar uppnå detta genom att bygga vidare på befintliga trovärdiga initiativ som redan visat mervärde.

De initiativ som för närvarande pågår förtecknas nedan tillsammans med respektive uppgifter som förväntas av uppdragstagaren.

1. Uppgift: Riktmärkning av handlingarna för lagstiftningen inom ramen för Euratom-fördraget (legislation under EURATOM Treaty – EUR) gentemot a) alla Wenras tillämpliga referensnivåer, b) IAEA:s standarder och c) kraven i det ändrade kärnsäkerhetsdirektivet enligt vad som anges av GD Energi/JRC (under utarbetande). Denna kommer att skickas till både kärnkraftverksföretag (Nuclear Power Plant vendors – NPP vendors) och kärnsäkerhetsmyndigheter för kommentarer/godkännande.

2. Uppgift: En förstudie avseende möjligheten att utvidga det befintliga arbete som utförs inom ramen för det fransk-tyska initiativet med anknytning till europeiska tekniska föreskrifter för tryckvattenreaktorer (European pressure water reactor Technical Codes – ETC) till andra nationella rättsliga ramar och andra typer av reaktorer. Om studien är positiv ska den på ett utförligt sätt ange de steg som ska tas för att genomföra en fullständig undersökning, om kommissionen skulle besluta om detta.

3. Förslaget avseende europeiska godkännanden av reaktorutformning (European reactor design acceptance – ERDA) syftar till att uppnå gemensamma godkännanden och granskningar avseende utformning. Resultatet av detta kommer att delas av ett flertal av EU:s medlemsstater och ska göra det möjligt för reaktorutformningen att godkännas av alla deltagande länder, med undantag av nödvändiga anpassningar efter särskilda lokala förhållanden, vilket kommer att leda till en effektiv europeisk standardisering avseende reaktorutformning. Den föreslagna strategin grundar sig i huvudsak på frivilliga åtgärder från tillsynsmyndigheter och organisationer för tekniskt stöd (Technical Support Organisation – TSO) med stöd från kommissionen.

Uppgift: En utförlig beskrivning av det tekniska innehåll som en EU-gemensam förlicensieringsprocess ska inbegripa, med beaktande av de olika typerna av reaktorer, de tillämpliga säkerhetsstandarderna och (i möjligaste mån) mångfalden med avseende på medlemsstaternas nationella ramverk.

4. Riktmärkning och sakkunnigbedömningar som ska utföras av nationella säkerhetsmyndigheter eller IAEA:s expertuppdrag är grundläggande verktyg för att uppnå en harmoniserad säkerhetsnivå i EU och i världen. Dessa verktyg är särskilt intressanta för de olika förväntade långfristiga åtgärderna (Long Term Operation – LTO) inom EU. Insatser med anknytning till detta som utarbetats av tillsynsmyndigheter eller IAEA:s uppdrag (t.ex. säkerhetsaspekter avseende långfristiga åtgärder [Safety Aspects of Long Term Operation – SALTO]) fokuserar för närvarande i första hand på åldrandeeffekter och mindre på säkerhetsuppgraderingar som är praktiskt möjliga och som medföljer LTO-programmen. Därför kommer gemensamma uppsättningar av tekniska hänvisningar som omfattar både åldrande och säkerhetsuppgraderingar att hjälpa alla involverade aktörer att tillhandahålla program runtom i de olika medlemsstaterna med likvärdiga säkerhetsnivåer.

Uppgift: En uppsättning tekniska anvisningar för LTO kommer att utarbetas i nära samarbete med kärnsäkerhetsmyndigheter och ska i synnerhet omfatta aspekter med anknytning till säkerhetsuppgraderingar. Dessutom ska en riktmärkning av nationella LTO-program gentemot de ändrade direktiven fastställas och beskrivas (tekniskt innehåll i dessas kravspecifikationer), i synnerhet avseende artiklarna 8 a och 8 b i det ändrade kärnsäkerhetsdirektivet, i syfte att användas i framtiden av tillsynsmyndigheter.

Předmětem zakázky je studie o srovnávání technických požadavků v oblasti jaderné energetiky vzhledem k referenčním úrovním Asociace západoevropských jaderných dozorů (WENRA), regulačního rámce EU a normám Mezinárodní agentury pro atomovou energii (IAEA).

Významnou překážku pro včasné udělování licencí je to, že harmonizace vytvořená vnitrostátními orgány pro jadernou bezpečnost se týká především bezpečnostních norem na vysoké úrovni. Ačkoliv je nepochybně užitečné dosáhnout srovnatelné úrovně bezpečnosti na úrovni EU, výrazně to nepřispívá k rychlejšímu nebo všeobecnějšímu udělování licencí novým stavebním projektům a k prodlužování životnosti stávajících reaktorů.

Proto je nezbytná další práce za účelem podrobného uvedení harmonizace bezpečnostních norem nebo za účelem dalšího zkoumání hypotézy a analýzy proveditelnosti, které jsou oporou možného dalšího opatření, jak je popsáno níže. Komise si přeje dosáhnout tohoto cíle tím, že bude vycházet ze stávajících důvěryhodných iniciativ, které již prokázaly přidanou hodnotu.

Současně probíhající iniciativy jsou uvedeny níže spolu s příslušnými výstupy, které jsou očekávány od zhotovitele.

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