The program contributes to the establishment of new models of inclusive territorial economic development that increases the competitiveness of the indigenous producers of the Muskitia, through participation in value chains such as cocoa, fishing and basic grains. The program takes advantage of the region's geographic location on the sea and and its borders with Nicaragua and Colombia that allow access to national and international markets.
The program is relevant because it strengthens shared governance, indigenous territorial development and horizontal harmonization among indigenous actors and the private business sector. In addition, it increases the capacity of the municipalities and central government agencies to respond to the indigenous peoples and the needs of the private sector.
The program generates employment and income, invigorates the local economy and contributes to food security in a context of historical exclusion and chronic nutritional deficit. It also increases the circulating capital needed for economic activity, reduces migration and loss of human capital.
The program helps reduce the insecurity generated by organized crime through the creation of alternative economic opportunities for the young people in rural and urban zones.
This initiative is aligned with the regional and national policies and plans, with potential strategic alliances with other development partners such as the United Nations and Germany, and with the Muskitia Alliance project of the Economic Development Sector Cabinet. In addition, the program causes changes in the cooperation models, from a vertical system to a horizontal system oriented to structural processes and changes constructed with the indigenous population.
Building on the system of indigenous governance, the program strategy is characterized by facilitating and consolidating processes that favour inclusive territorial economic development, articulating the indigenous economy with the local, national and international market economy. It also influences the government to organize the economic development strategy and public investment in the Muskitia zone.
In the first phase, under the mandate modality, the priority is to strengthen indigenous institutionality, social organization and territorial governance structure through cacao value chains, fishing and basic grains. The territorial councils facilitate dialogue and agreement among public and private stakeholders to make the first productive investments. In the succeeding phases, building on solid territorial institutionality in the Musktia, the priority will be contributions to the territorial councils and MASTA with the goal of ensuring the sustainability of the process.
The program impacts approximately 10,000 families living in the department of Gracias a Dios and indirectly 286 communities, 6 municipalities and 12 indigenous territorial councils due to its territorial nature and structural changes produced. 85 % of this population belongs to the Miskitu people and 15 % is comprised of Garífuna, Pech and Tawakas peoples.
The direct participants are: the territorial councils and national indigenous structures such as MASTA, Tawaka, Pech and Garífuna Federations; the production groups of 8 territorial councils; processors, local national and international markets, support services; regulators; the municipalities and the municipal association.
The principal partners are: Ministry of Agriculture and Ranching; National Directorate of Fisheries; Forest Conservation Institute (ICF); Ministry of Energy, Natural Resources, Environment and Mines ‘My Environment’; Association of Municipalities of Honduras (AM-HON); the private business sector; and the alliances with donors in the territory such as UN, USAID, Germany, and the World Bank in the framework of the donors' round table.
The territorial water governance program in the region of the Gulf of Fonseca (PGHT-RGF) contributes to create spaces for dialogue and peaceful conflict management through water issues in a context of widespread fragility and conflict. The emphasis is on governance and the functioning of the institutional framework for a comprehensive and sustainable management of water resources in the Gulf of Fonseca of the Republic of Honduras. The program complements the initiative of the public sector in the region with the reactivation of the Council of Regional Development and the proper functioning of the Round Tables of Food Security, Climate Change Risk Management and Local Economic Development, within the framework of the Plan of the Nation (2010-2022).
The program measures aim to strengthen the National Plan for Water and Sanitation in Honduras 2014-2018. In addition, the program is supported by the pertinent legal frame-work: the General Water Law, the Framework Law Drinking Water and Sanitation, the Mu-nicipal Law, the Land Use Law and the Law of Forests, Protected Areas and Wildlife. The program is complementary with other programs of the SDC portfolio in the southern re-gion of Honduras, such as: ‘Nuestra Cuenca Goascorán’ and ‘SurCompite’. The pro-gram is aligned with national and regional policies and plans, with potential strategic alli-ances with other development partners and with the Global Water Program.
The general objective of the program is to contribute to the development of a system of integral and inclusive territorial water governance in the region of the Gulf of Fonseca, ensuring the availability of water in a sustainable and equitable manner. To achieve this objective, the following two outcomes are foreseen:
— The five watershed councils in the Gulf of Fonseca reach agreement and make deci-sions about integral management of water resources, linked with national policies.
— Within the framework of the watershed councils, the local governments in the region of the Gulf of Fonseca lead the process of water management, strategic investments, and the application of best practices for conservation, use and sustainability.
The intervention strategy of the program seeks to impact on 800 000 inhabitants in 45 municipalities located in the five watersheds of the Gulf Region. At the meso-level the program will lead to the establishment of a territorial water governance system in the Gulf of Fonseca region, provoking strategic policy changes and ensuring fulfilment of the law. The work at the meso-level will be linked with policy work national and implementation at local-municipal level. At this level, the program will strength the territorial institutional structures represented by the watershed and sub-watershed councils, so they assume leadership and press for application of the General Water Law.
The program promotes strategic water investments that help bring together public and private stakeholders in the region. It also integrates the public investment cycle, the management of municipal investment in watershed development plans. It is also essential to involve the private sector for co-investment and financial leverage to promote citizen and business co-responsibility in the governance of water resources.
The mandatary will be responsible for managing resources and to facilitate the implementation of the program in its first phase for the period 2017-2020, which amount is CHF 7.7 Mio (includes funds for project and service costs). This responsibility shall be coordinated with the different stakeholders and SDC. Driving the program and facilitation process will create greater awareness among the population, promoting consensus and partnerships between authorities and the involved stakeholders. The program provides for three stages of implementation during the period 2017-2027 (12 years).
The above referenced address is:
Procurement and Logistics Unit
Programme United Nations Development (UNDP),
United Nations House, Colonia Palmira, Avenida Republic of Panama,